The Garden of Earthly Delights is the modern title given to a triptych painted by the Early Netherlandish master Hieronymus Bosch, housed in the Museo del Prado in Madrid since 1939. It dates from between 1490 and 1510, when Bosch was between 40 and 60 years old. Garden Earthly Delights facts
Bosch painted three large triptychs (the others are The Last Judgment of c. 1482 and The Haywain Triptych of c. 1516) that can be read from left to right and in which each panel was essential to the meaning of the whole. Each of these three works presents distinct yet linked themes addressing history and faith. Source [WikiPedia]
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- Origin of Hieronymus Bosch remain a mystery.
Surprisingly there is very little knowledge about Bosch. No one knows birth date, level of education, or even who his patrons were.
- It’s bigger than you think.
It measures a little over 7 feet tall and almost 13 feet long. The center panel alone is 6.5 feet wide.
- The Garden of Earthly Delights is a modern misnomer.
The common title for the work is something modern viewers have placed on the triptych. The Garden of Earthly Delights is what describes the central panel of the work and has become the modern name for the entire piece.
- Bosch didn’t date his paintings.
Since little is known about Bosch and he didn’t date his work, art historians have made their best estimate taking into consideration a number of factors, including the age of the wood panels and the inclusion of a pineapple—a New World fruit that means it must be painted after Columbus’s voyage to America. It’s currently thought to have been painted sometime between 1490 and 1510.
- Oil paint was still a new medium when this painting was painted.
Bosch painted this painting using oil paint on oak panels. At the time, oil paint was still less than 100 years old. According to Giorgio Vasari in The Lives of the Artists, Flemish artist Jan Van Eyck created the technique around 1410. Van Eyck wasn’t the first to make oil paint, but he did add stabilizers that allowed for better binding with the pigment.